What Is Kleine Levin Syndrome?

What is a Dyssomnia?

Parasomnia sleep disorders cause abnormal activities during sleep, such as sleep terrors or sleep walking.

Dyssomnia sleep disorders cause trouble falling asleep or staying asleep..

What causes Dyssomnia?

It can be caused by jet lag, stress and anxiety, hormones, or digestive problems. It may also be a symptom of another condition.

What are the 5 major sleep disorders?

Thankfully, there are treatments available that you can talk to your patients about for the five most common sleep disorders:Insomnia.Sleep Apnea.Narcolepsy.Restless Legs Syndrome.and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder.

How rare is KLS?

KLS is very rare, occurring at a rate of 1 in 1 million, which limits research into genetic factors. The condition primarily affects adolescent males, though females can also be affected and the age of onset varies.

What is the rarest sleep disorder?

Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS), also known as “Sleeping Beauty” syndrome, is a rare neurological disorder characterised by recurrent bouts of hypersomnolence (excessive sleeping) along with cognitive and behavioural problems during wakefulness.

How do you get sleeping beauty syndrome?

The exact cause of KLS is unknown, but some doctors believe certain factors can increase your risk for this condition. For example, KLS may arise from an injury in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that controls sleep, appetite, and body temperature.

What can narcolepsy be mistaken for?

Other sleep disorders that cause daytime sleepiness are often mistaken for narcolepsy. These include sleep apnea, circadian rhythm sleep disorders and restless legs syndrome. Medical conditions, mental health disorders and use of certain medications or substances can also cause symptoms similar to narcolepsy.

Can an MRI detect narcolepsy?

Imaging studies such as MRI are useful for excluding rare causes of symptomatic narcolepsy. Structural abnormalities of the brain stem and diencephalon may present as idiopathic narcolepsy. In patients with secondary narcolepsy, MRI of the brain may show various abnormalities that correspond to the underlying cause.

What are the symptoms of Kleine Levin Syndrome?

During an episode, people with Kleine Levin syndrome can also display abnormal behavior, such as excessive food intake (hyperphagia), irritability, childishness, disorientation, hallucinations, and an abnormally uninhibited sex drive. Affected individuals are symptom-free between episodes.

How is KLS similar to narcolepsy?

KLS is another disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness, but with different characteristics as compared to narcolepsy. KLS is characterized by extremely long sleep periods or prolonged night-time sleep.

Why do I moan when I am falling asleep?

Groaning may occur from time to time during non-REM sleep. A moaning sound can also occur during an epileptic seizure. This sound would not occur on a regular basis like groaning does. A moaning type of sound can also be made by snoring.

What is the strangest disease?

Water allergy.Foreign accent syndrome.Laughing Death.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)Alice in Wonderland syndrome.Porphyria.Pica.Moebius syndrome.More items…•

What mimics narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is often misdiagnosed as other conditions that can have similar symptoms, including:Depression.Anxiety.Other psychologic/psychiatric disorders.Insomnia.Obstructive sleep apnea.

What does cataplexy mean?

Cataplexy. This sudden loss of muscle tone while a person is awake leads to weakness and a loss of voluntary muscle control. It is often triggered by sudden, strong emotions such as laughter, fear, anger, stress, or excitement. The symptoms of cataplexy may appear weeks or even years after the onset of EDS.

Is there a cure for Kleine Levin Syndrome?

Treating Kleine-Levin Syndrome There is no specific, definitive treatment to cure or control KLS. Some aspects of the disease can be managed with medication, such as stimulants to combat the EDS, but this is most effective only once the episodes have already decreased in severity.

What disease makes you sleep all the time?

Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep. People with narcolepsy often find it difficult to stay awake for long periods of time, regardless of the circumstances. Narcolepsy can cause serious disruptions in your daily routine.

What is it called when you never sleep?

Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night, resulting in unrefreshing or non-restorative sleep. And it’s a very common problem, one that takes a toll on your energy, mood, and ability to function during the day. Chronic insomnia can even contribute to serious health problems.

What is it called when you sleep for days?

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects your ability to wake and sleep. People with narcolepsy have excessive, uncontrollable daytime sleepiness. They may also suddenly fall asleep at any time, during any type of activity.