Question: What Are Construction Bid Documents?

What’s the difference between a bid and an estimate?

Estimates are an approximation and give clients an idea of what to expect.

Quotes are more concrete and specify a fixed dollar value for a specific time frame.

Bids offer more detail than estimates and quotes, and they’re common in the construction industry..

What are bid documents?

Bid documents include the plans, specifications and estimates (PS&E) developed to describe all of the elements of a construction project and become the contract between the local government and the selected contractor.

What is included in a construction bid?

The bid covers the total cost of building the structure, including any money for subcontractors who work under the general contractor. The bid also incorporates the general contractor’s costs, overhead, and profit. … The owner is also at risk of dealing with increased contracting costs if there are any design errors.

What are tender documents in construction?

A tender is a submission made by a contractor in response to an invitation to tender. Tender documents may be prepared for a range of contracts, such as equipment supply, the main construction contract (including design by the contractor), demolition, enabling works, etc. …

What are the construction documents?

Construction documents, as defined by CSI, are “the written and graphic documents prepared for communicating the project design for construction and administering the construction contract.” They consist of the drawings, specifications, contracting requirements, procurement requirements, modifications and addenda, and …

What is the bidding process?

The bidding process is used to select a vendor for subcontracting a project, or for purchasing products and services that are required for a project. … The manager sends the bid to a group of vendors for response. The vendors analyze the bid and calculate the cost at which they can complete the project.

What is an invitation to bid?

An Invitation for Bid (IFB), sometimes referred to as Invitation to Bid, is used in situations where potential vendors or service providers differ principally on price. … Companies may deliver invitations to bid orally or in writing.

What are the 6 types of construction drawings?

All the types of construction drawings can be segregated into the following sets of drawings:Architectural Drawings.Structural Drawings.HVAC Drawings.Electrical & Plumbing Drawings.Firefighter Drawings.Miscellaneous Drawings.

What is the purpose of construction documents?

The construction documents define the quantities and qualities of, and relationships among, all materials required to construct a project; they establish the contractual obligations for the University and the contractor, and they define the roles of the construction team members (see 1.4).

What are the five phases of construction?

A construction project entails 5 important stages: initiation, planning, implementation, performance and monitoring, and closing.

How do you price a construction job?

ESTIMATE A CONSTRUCTION PROJECTDetermine Your Costs.Apply a Markup that will yield the appropriate profit after expenses.STOP ESTIMATING USING THESE TECHNIQUES.You know the old saying, “Garbage in. … EXAMPLE:WEEKLY PRICE = $500,000 / 52 per yr = $9,615.SCHEDULE BASED UNIT PRICE = WEEKLY PRICE X ESTIMATED SCHEDULE.More items…•

How long is a construction bid good for?

30 daysHow much time is reasonable? The shortest period of time for bid validity that I’ve typically seen is 30 days. This seems to provide sufficient time for most projects to go through the bid evaluation process. Sometimes, I’ve seen 45 or 60 days if there are other factors involved.